Manufacturing Process of Textile Industry

Textile Manufacturing Process:
Textile is a very widely used term which includes all kinds of fibers (e-g: Cotton , Jute, Wool, Viscose etc), all kinds of process (e-g: Spinning, Weaving, Knitting, Dyeing, Printing, Finishing etc), all kinds of machineries (e-g: Spinning Machineries, Weaving Machineries, Knitting Machineries, Cutting machineries etc), to convert textile fiber into finished or end use products (e-g: Garments, Furnishing Materials, Household Textiles, Medical textiles, Smart Textiles, Shoes Textiles, Fishing Nets etc). Textile manufacturing is a very complex and lengthy process. It is based in the conversion of three types of fiber into yarn, then fabric, then textiles. These are then fabricated into clothes or other artifacts.

A textile product passes through several processes in its manufacturing before it becomes wearable. These processes include spinning, weaving, knitting, wet processing and garments manufacturing. The flow chart of textile manufacturing process is shown in Figure 1.

Textile manufacturing process
Figure 1: Textile manufacturing process

Normally, the whole textile manufacturing process is divided by four branches. These are:

  1. Yarn Manufacturing or Spinning.
  2. Fabric Manufacturing or Weaving.
  3. Dyeing, Printing and Finishing
  4. Garments / Apparel Manufacturing or Clothing.

Flow Chart of Textile Manufacturing Process:
Here, I am going through each manufacturing process step by step so that you can get the idea of each sequences easily.

Flow Chart of Spinning / Yarn Manufacturing

Blowroom

Carding

Drawing

Combing

Drawing

Roving Manufacturing

Ring Spinning

 

Flow Chart of Weaving / Fabric Manufacturing

Yarn from spinning section

Doubling and Twisting

Winding

Creeling

Warping

Sizing

Winding on weavers beam

Weaving

 

Flow Chart of Wet Processing / Dyeing

Inspection of grey cloth

Stitching

Cropping

Brushing

Singeing

Desizing

Scouring

Bleaching

Souring

Washing

Drying

Mercerizing

Dyeing

Aftertreatment

Finishing

Inspection

Packing

Baling

 

Flow Chart of Textile Printing

Inspection of grey cloth

Stitching

Cropping

Brushing

Singeing

Desizing

Scouring

Bleaching

Souring

Washing

Drying

Mercerizing

Printing

Aftertreatment

Finishing

Inspection

Packing

Baling

 

Flow Chart of Garment / Apparel Manufacturing

Design / Sketch

Pattern Design

Sample Making

Production Pattern

Grading

Marker Making

Spreading

Cutting

Sorting/Bundling

Sewing/Assembling

Inspection

Pressing / Finishing

Final Inspection

Packing

Despatch

In the past, fashion and design was included with Apparel manufacturing but now a days it is considered as a separate department.

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