Fashion designing is the art of creating clothing and accessories that are both functional and aesthetically pleasing. It involves understanding current fashion trends, sketching designs, selecting fabrics and colors, and bringing the finished product to life through sewing and construction. Fashion designers may work for a clothing brand, create their own label, or freelance. Different types of fashion designing are the field of design that are used by designers to create a unique dress.
Types of Fashion Designing:
Today fashion is the global industry. China and Bangladesh are the biggest apparel manufacturers. On the other hand Paris, Milan, New York, and London are the top four fashion centers in the world fashion industry. Some other 7 countries such as, France, Italy, Japan, United states, United kingdom, Germany, and Belgium are now established their fashion design reputation in the world fashion industry.
Apparel manufacturers produced their fashion products into follow these categories of fashion. Although these types of fashion designing are may be split up into more specific. Fashion designers are mainly design their product with the help of these types.
Fashion designing is a diverse and multi-faceted field that encompasses several different types of design, styles and techniques. There are 9 types of Fashion Designing that are used on dress design. these are:
- Haute Couture or High-fashion
- Luxury Fashion
- Ready-to-Wear Fashion
- Fast Fashion
- Mass market Fashion
- Economy Fashion
- Sustainable Fashion
- Intimate Apparel
- Costume Design
Different types of fashion designing are described in below:
1. Haute couture fashion:
Haute couture also called high-fashion, one-of-a-kind garments that are hand-made by skilled artisans and are typically sold to wealthy clients.
“Haute couture” refers to the very pinnacle of fashion design. Creating haute couture requires the creation of special releases of customized clothing and accessories, each of which is a one-of-a-kind work of art in its own right. Haute couture, which means “high dressmaking,” was originally used to refer to clothes that were designed and constructed specifically for each client.
If a designer wants to call their creations “haute couture,” the French government requires them to get a special designation.
Each designer must offer 35 new, original pieces to the public every other season and maintain a minimum of 15 full-time employees and an atelier in Paris. Since 1945, these rules have been in effect, and even the most illustrious fashion houses have been obligated to adhere to them.
- Haute couture clothe is made to special order for an individual costumer.
- This fashion generally maintains high quality.
- Use expensive fabric for dress making.
- Sewing garments with extreme attention to A-Z production and finish.
- More time required to complete Haute couture garments.
- To get attractive looks, use hand executed techniques.
- For this fashion out looking and fitness take more priority over the cost of materials. In this reason the time it takes to make.
- To make this Haute couture fashion dress, fashion houses get small direct profits.
- Fashion house mainly design Haute couture fashion dress to established their reputation and publicity also.
2. Luxury fashion:
Luxury fashion refers to designer clothing and accessories that are characterized by exceptional quality, attention to detail, and the use of premium materials. It is also called High-end fashion. These products are typically sold at a high price point and are aimed at a wealthy and discerning clientele.
“Luxury fashion” is commonly used in the fashion industry to describe the middle ground between custom-made, one-of-a-kind garments and cheap, mass-produced basics. When referring to luxury clothing, the term “haute couture” is often used. What we mean by “luxury fashion” is the design and production of exceptionally fine garments that are not manufactured in vast quantities but are of an exceptionally high calibre.
This fashion brands are often associated with prestige and exclusivity, and they often have a long history of craftsmanship and quality. These brands are known for their timeless designs, meticulous attention to detail, and the use of the finest fabrics and materials.
These kind of products are often made by hand, using traditional techniques that have been passed down through generations. This level of craftsmanship and quality is what sets luxury fashion apart from other types of fashion and what makes it so appealing to those who can afford it.
3. Ready-to-wear fashion:
Ready-to-wear or prêt-à-porter, clothes are a cross between haute couture and mass market. They are not made for individual customers, but great care is taken in the choice and cut of the fabric. Clothes are made in small quantities to guarantee exclusivity, so they are rather expensive.
Ready-to-wear fashion refers to clothes that are designed for mass production and are available for purchase off the rack. These garments are often created using industrial sewing techniques and are sold in department stores and boutiques.
It’s also possible to note to ready-to-wear garments as “streetwear,” which is just another term for “fashion industry.” One can “shop on the main road” if they frequent stores on the main drag (sometimes called the “high street”) of a town or city.
- Ready-to-wear garments are made in small quantities but they are maintaining quality exclusively, so they are rather expensive.
- Usually fashion houses are present Ready-to-wear fashion collections for their customers.
- Designers are created their design by the basis of season. Here season during a period known as fashion week. The main seasons of Fashion Week include, spring, summer, fall, winter, resort, swim, and other special occasion like wedding.
- Ready-to-wear fashion is takes place on a city wide basis and occurs twice a year.
4. Fast fashion:
Fast fashion refers to a type of fashion production and retailing that focuses on quickly producing large quantities of low-cost clothing and accessories that are based on current fashion trends. Fast fashion is characterized by a rapid turnover of designs, with new collections being introduced into stores on a frequent basis.
The goal of fast fashion is to bring trendy, fashionable clothing to consumers at an affordable price. To achieve this, fast fashion brands use a combination of low-cost materials and mass production techniques to produce clothes quickly and cheaply.
However, fast fashion has been criticized for its negative impact on the environment and for its exploitation of workers in developing countries. Fast fashion also encourages consumers to purchase more clothes more frequently, leading to an unsustainable and wasteful fashion system.
5. Mass market fashion design:
Mass market fashion is a type of fashion production and retailing that aims to produce and sell clothing and accessories to the largest possible audience. Mass market fashion brands target a broad range of consumers, with a focus on affordability, accessibility, and convenience.
At the present time the fashion industry depend on more on mass market sales. The mass market fashion fill up the wide range of customer’s demands. Designers are producing ready-to-wear clothes in large quantities with standard sizes and using fashion trends that set by the famous names for the customer.
- Use in expensive accessories, creativity and produce affordable fashion in our country wise.
- Mass market fashion designers are generally adapts the latest trends set by the famous names in fashion.
- Fashion designers are design their dress on the basis of season and season related color.
- Designers frequently wait around season to make sure a style is going to catch on before producing their own versions of the original look.
- Mass market fashion save manufacturer time and save consumer money also.
- Designer use cheaper fabrics and simple production techniques that is easily done by machine.
- The end product can consequently be sold much cheaper price.
However, it can also lead to a fast-paced and disposable fashion culture, where consumers are encouraged to constantly update their wardrobes with the latest styles and trends.
6. Economy fashion:
Economy fashion design mention to a type of fashion production and retailing that focuses on providing affordable, basic clothing and accessories to consumers. The goal of economy fashion is to make fashion accessible to a wider range of consumers by offering lower-priced alternatives to high-end and luxury fashion products.
This brands often use less expensive materials and mass production techniques to keep costs low. The focus is on producing functional and basic clothing items, such as t-shirts, jeans, and skirts, that can be easily mixed and matched to create outfits.
Economy fashion can be a great option for those who want to stay up-to-date with current fashion trends without breaking the bank. It also provides a more sustainable and responsible alternative to fast fashion, which is often criticized for its negative impact on the environment and for its exploitation of workers in developing countries.
7. Sustainable fashion:
Sustainable fashion design is a approach to fashion that considers the environmental and social impact of the clothing industry. It focuses on creating garments and accessories in an environmentally friendly manner, using materials and production processes that minimize harm to the planet, and ensuring fair labor practices for workers involved in the supply chain. The goal of sustainable fashion is to reduce waste and pollution, while promoting responsible consumption and production.
8. Intimate apparel:
Intimate fashion is the design and creation of clothing and accessories for the intimate or underwear fashion market. This includes lingerie, undergarments, sleepwear, swimwear and other items worn next to the skin. This type of fashion design often emphasizes comfort, fit, and the use of luxurious fabrics.
Intimate apparel designers focus on creating functional, comfortable and stylish pieces that provide support and coverage, while also taking into account the latest fashion trends and customer preferences. Intimate fashion design often involves the use of specialized materials and construction techniques to ensure a comfortable and flattering fit.
9. Costume design:
Costume design is the creation of clothing for specific characters in theater, film, television, or dance productions. Costume designers must have a deep understanding of the characters they are creating for and must be able to effectively convey their personality and story through their clothing.
Other types of fashion designs include:
Footwear: Includes design of shoes, sneakers, athletics, flats, high heels etc.
Accessories: Includes design of handbags, earrings, necklaces, bracelets, and other accessories.
Sportswear: Designs ensure the form and function of the materials used is suitable for sports.
Children’s wear: Designs include clothing suitable for children of all ages.
Evening wear: Designs include either formal or casual party appropriate clothing like ball gowns, tuxedos, etc.
Street-wear: Street-wear is a type of fashion design that originated in the hip-hop and skateboarding scenes and is characterized by casual, comfortable clothing with a distinctive urban aesthetic. Streetwear often incorporates bold graphics, oversized silhouettes, and eclectic accessories
Sportswear: Sportswear is a type of fashion design that focuses on clothing that is suitable for physical activity, such as running, yoga, or other sports. Sportswear typically emphasizes comfort, performance, and functionality over style.
Those who are skilled in the art of fashion design often create timeless garments that remain in style for many years. Most of the time, these designers choose high-quality fabrics and materials that are both aesthetically pleasing and long-lasting in order to create their products.
In most situations, shoppers can wear these things all year round, as opposed to just during specific fashion seasons.
Fashion designing is a diverse and constantly evolving field that encompasses many different types of styles, techniques, and specialties. Whether you’re interested in haute couture, sportswear, or sustainable fashion, there is a type of fashion design that is perfect for you. To become a successful fashion designer, you should know about the types of fashion designing for design a dress.
- Elements of Fashion and Apparel Design by Sumathi, G. J
You may also like: Basic Steps of Fashion Designing
Editor of Fashion2Apparel. She is a fashion designer and ex-lecturer in Fashion Designing. She wants to spread fashion knowledge throughout the world.