Step by Step Analysis of a Basic Shirt

What is Basic Shirt?
A shirt is a garment for upper part of the body. It a fashionable item of new days. There’s nothing more classic than a basic woven shirt. Various types of fashionable shirts are manufactured by garment manufacturers. So, analysis of basic shirt is very important. This analysis must be help us to know about basic part of shirt measurements, different types of seam, stitch, sewing machine used, materials used, thread consumption, fabric consumption etc.

Analysis of Basic Shirt:
We can easily analyze of basic shirt by following steps.

  1. Different parts of shirt
  2. Different type of stitch of the shirt and its analysis
    • Stitch density
    • Quantity of thread
  3. Measurement of the garments
  4. Sewing machine
    • Required of M/C
    • Number of each machine
  5. Layout plan for this garment
    • Layout plan for this GMT floor
  6. Thread consumption
  7. Fabric consumption
  8. Costing
  9. Various wash

Different Parts of a Basic Shirt:

  1. Collar (right and left)
  2. Collar stand (right and left)
  3. Pocket
  4. Top center
  5. Sleeve (right and left)
  6. Cuff (right and left)
  7. Placket (right and left)
  8. Gain ball (right and left)
  9. Front part (right and left)
  10. Back part
  11. Button stand
Different parts of basic shirt
Figure: Different parts of a basic shirt

Different Types of Stitches of the Shirt and Its Analysis:

A. Single needle lock stitch (stitch class-300)

  • Collar and collar stand
  • Cuff
  • Placket
  • Gain ball
  • Bottom

B. Multi needle chain stitch (stitch class-400)

  • Button stands (Kansai sewing machine)
  • Arm hole (one needle, stitch class-400)
  • Side seam (two needle, two looper, 4 thread)

C. Multi needle lock stitch (stitch class-300)

  • Button hole
  • Button attaching

D. Stitch density = 12-13

E. Quantity of thread = 1

Measurement of the Shirt:

  1. Neck size = 15, 5/8
  2. Chest = 43
  3. Natural waist length = 8, ½
  4. Sleeve length = 33 (CBN)
  5. Cuff size = 9, ¾
  6. Cuff depth = 2, 7/8
  7. Across back = 18, 7/8
  8. Across front = 17, ½
  9. Armhole = 21
  10. Upper arm hole = 9
  11. Shoulder hip point = 27, 7/8
  12. Across shoulder = 19, ½
  13. Sleeve in seam = 20
  14. Sleeve opening = 8, ½
  15. Back length (C.B.L) = 30, ¼

Required Sewing Machine for Making Basic Shirt:

a. Required of machine

  1. Lock stitch (single needle)
  2. Chain stitch (kansai m/c, 4 needle, 4 looper)
  3. 2 needle chain stitch
  4. Button hole M/C (lock stitch)
  5. Button attaching M/C (lock stitch)
  6. Single needle chain stitch

b. No of machine:

  1. Lock stitch (collar, collar stand, button stand, shoulder, cuff, pocket).
  2. Chain stitch (kansai; top center 2 needle 2 looper)
  3. 2-needle chain stitch: side seam, lapped (right and left)
  4. Button hole M/C: button holing
  5. Button attaching M/C: button attach
  6. Single needle chain stitch: armhole

Layout Plan for Basic Shirt:

  1. Front part (right and left) + back part attached by 2 needle chin stitch machine (2pcs).
  2. Pocket attach by lock stitch machine (1pcs).
  3. Sleeve join with front and back part by 1 needle chain stitch (2pcs).
  4. Front and back attaching with shoulder by 1 needle lock stitch machine (2pcs).
  5. Front (right and left) + back + shoulder join with collar stand by lock stitch machine.
  6. Collar stand + collar join by lock stitch machine (2pcs).
  7. Cuff join with sleeve by 1 needle lock stitch machine (4pcs).
  8. Placket joins with sleeve by 1 needle lock stitch machine (2pcs).
  9. Gain ball join with sleeve by 1 needle lock stitch machine (2pcs).
  10. Top center join with front (left) by Kansai machine (2-needle 2 looper).
  11. Button stand join with front (right) by lock stitch machine.
  12. Button attaching join by button attaching machine.
  13. Button holding by button holding machine.

You may also like: How to Take Measurements for Men’s Pants

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