Embroidery design brings an artistic beauty to the dress. The pattern of colored yarn is drawn on the fabric by the needle, which has a tradition that has been going on for thousands of years. In its rhythmic movement, the texture of a very ordinary garment becomes effortlessly unique. The history of embroidery designs on clothes is also very old. But this design trend never gets old in fashion. Again and again, embroidery always catches the fashion in new ways.
What is Embroidery?
Embroidery is a handicraft art in which a pattern is created by thread on fabric or other material. This art has been known to mankind since ancient times. For example, in ancient Greece, people’s clothes were decorated with embroidery. Already in the Middle Ages this handicraft became very popular. Famous artists of the time created the drawings and experienced artisan women transferred them to the garments.
Embroidery can be done using different techniques and materials. Patterns are made on cloth, canvas and household items (napkins, pillows, blankets, etc.).
Types of Embroidery in Garments:
Many types of embroidery are seen on garments. Below some of the embroidery details discussed:
Different types of embroidery work with hand stitch:
This type of stitch is a basic stitch in embroidery work. It is a thin type of stitching along a line that is used to give an outline shape to the fabric. This outline is then filled in with Satin Stitch or used to join pieces of fabric together.
Blanket stitch is also a type of basic embroidery stitch used to decorate the surface of fabric.
Chain Stitch and Variation:
By this type of stitch sewing work is performed along a bold or thick line on the fabric. This is done in two ways – namely along the front side and along the back side. One can choose the method of their choice which is convenient for them. This chain stitch is also excellently used for gap filling stitching which can cover a large area of fabric in a very quick time.
Chain Stitch – Detached or Lazy Daisy:
This type of embroidery work is sometimes called lazy daisy. But the name is actually a collection of many single stitches that can be arranged to form a flower.
Cross Stitch – Chinese:
This stitch is not like standard cross stitch which is done diagonally. This stitch is done with a straight line stitch along one horizontal and two vertical lines. A different kind of beauty emerges in the border of the fabric through this stitch work.
Long arm or Elongated cross stitch:
The long-armed cross stitch is sometimes known as the elongated cross stitch. Bands and rows of embroidered designs can be worked on the fabric through this embroidery work. This stitch can be used to outline or frame a part of the design.
According to the materials, embroidery can be divided into silk embroidery, feather embroidery and hair embroidery. Such embroideries are used for everyday essentials such as informal clothing, drama costumes, tablecloths, pillow cases, cushions, as well as furniture, for example, curtains and hangings. There are different types of yarn used in embroidery thread. Yarn quality and count varies. Embroidery designs using lace and silk thread are more eye-catching than ordinary thread. Embroidery designs are also classified as motifs. Flowers and geometric designs are the most common motifs these days. Different types of small and large floral designs are seen in the clothes. Geometric designs such as circles, dots, triangles, squares are generally used along straight lines.
The use of yarn fodder is straight, chain, zigzag, running, back, satin etc. In half fashion, not needle and thread design throughout the garments, but the chest part of the clothes or the bottom border, length, sleeves, neck, are preferred by the buyers. In tops or single kameez, embroidery dominates the chest design. The sleeves of the kameez also have heavy work. The back part is not missing either. Sometimes the entire dress has embroidery designs. There is more embroidery on the hem and hem of the saree. Punjabi designs are used on the border and neck of the sleeves.
Things to be observed in embroidery designs:
- Care must be taken in designing the embroidery design so that it does not become a sloppy design.
- After the use of thread, the design will not be relieved.
- Care must be taken in choosing the yarn.
- It is best to avoid threads that may cause discomfort.
- If anyone uses lace yarn, they can give a different fabric to the inner part of the dress. Otherwise such yarn will cause discomfort in direct contact with the body.
Embroidered designs are quite popular among the women of the era. This design is also very dominant in fashion. This kind of embroidery design scheme brings a kind of solidity and strength to the dress. And sometimes if the design is done a little randomly, it brings a kind of exuberance to the garments. With the change of time, the content of the garments has also been updated a lot, as a result of which the traditional embroidery design has now entered the foreign trade market as well.
Author of This Article:
Clothing and Textile
Govt. College of Applied Human Science, Dhaka
Email: [email protected]
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Editor of Fashion2Apparel. She is a fashion designer and ex-lecturer in Fashion Designing. She wants to spread fashion knowledge throughout the world.