What is T-shirt?
A t-shirt or tee is a short-sleeved casual top, generally made of cotton, having the shape of a T when spread out flat. To produce high quality garment in apparel manufacturing industry, a perfect machine layout plan must be required. Before starting the manufacturing of t-shirt, production manager prepare a machine layout plan for quick output. Round neck t-shirt stitching process is divided into 4 sections.
These are in below:
- Front side
- Back side
- Neck joint
Step by Step T-shirt Manufacturing Process:
To assemble the t-shirt, different types of industrial sewing machines are arranged by following the layout plan. Line balancing of sewing machines are mainly depends on the process of t-shirt manufacturing. However, the t-shirt manufacturing process can be changed according to the style of garment.
Here I have mentioned the sewing sequence of t-shirt production:
Matching the number and size with back and front part
Join the shoulder
Over lock the lining
Ready the neck rib for collar
Join the neck rib piping edge by plain machine
Over locking the neck
Neck tape join and also attached the size label
Neck rib top stitch
Attached the main label
Sleeve marking and numbering with body parts
Sleeve joint with the body part
Attached arm side hem
Side seam and at this moment join the care label
Bottom hem tuck at the end
Line Balancing or Machine Layout Plan of T-Shirt Manufacturing Process:
Here you will find out the machine layout plan for t-shirt for 180 pieces per hour. Types of machines that are mostly used in t-shirt manufacturing, but this line balancing should be changed when the t-shirt style are different.
|Sl. No||Types of operation||Types of machine||Machine quantity|
|01||Join the shoulder||Over lock machine||1 pc|
|02||Over lock the lining||Over lock machine||1 pc|
|03||Join the neck rib piping edge by plain machine||Plain machine||1 pc|
|04||Neck joint||Over lock machine||1 pc|
|05||Over locking the neck||Over lock machine||1 pc|
|06||Neck tape join also attached the size label||Plain machine||1 pc|
|07||Neck rib top stitch and Attached the main label||Plain machine||1 pc|
|08||Sleeve hem||Flat lock machine||1 pc|
|09||Sleeve joint with the body part||Over lock machine||2 pc|
|10||Side seam||Over lock machine||3 pc|
|11||Sleeve tuck||Plain machine||1 pc|
|12||Neck top stitch||Flat lock machine||1 pc|
|13||Bottom hem tuck at the end||Plain machine||1 pc|
|14||Bottom hem||Flat lock machine||1 pc|
The Life Cycle of a T-Shirt Manufacturing:
- Raw Materials – fertilizer, energy, water;
- Processing – energy, cleaners, dyes;
- Manufacturing – energy, waste;
- Packaging – paper, plastics, waste;
- Transport – energy;
- Use – bleach, detergents, water, energy;
- Either one of – disposal (landfill) or reuse (go back to 6), or recycle (go back to 1).
A lifecycle approach helps us to engage in whole systems thinking –both understanding the complex interactions between energy and material throughout the life of a product, and thinking in the long term about the impact these interactions will have on the environment and society.
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Editor of Fashion2Apparel. She is a fashion designer and ex-lecturer in Fashion Designing. She wants to spread fashion knowledge throughout the world.