Step by Step T-Shirt Manufacturing Process with Machine Layout Plan

What is T-shirt?
A t-shirt or tee is a short-sleeved casual top, generally made of cotton, having the shape of a T when spread out flat. To produce high quality garment in apparel manufacturing industry, a perfect machine layout plan must be required. Before starting the manufacturing of t-shirt, production manager prepare a machine layout plan for quick output. Round neck t-shirt stitching process is divided into 4 sections.

These are in below:

  1. Front side
  2. Back side
  3. Sleeves
  4. Neck joint

Step by Step T-shirt Manufacturing Process:
To assemble the t-shirt, different types of industrial sewing machines are arranged by following the layout plan. Line balancing of sewing machines are mainly depends on the process of t-shirt manufacturing. However, the t-shirt manufacturing process can be changed according to the style of garment.

parts of a t-shirt
Figure: Parts of a t-shirt

Here I have mentioned the sewing sequence of t-shirt production:

Matching the number and size with back and front part

Join the shoulder

Attached Interlining

Over lock the lining

Ready the neck rib for collar

Join the neck rib piping edge by plain machine

Neck joint

Over locking the neck

Neck tape join and also attached the size label

Neck rib top stitch

Attached the main label

Sleeve marking and numbering with body parts

Sleeve hem

Sleeve joint with the body part

Attached arm side hem

Side seam and at this moment join the care label

Sleeve tuck

Bottom hem tuck at the end

Bottom hem


Line Balancing or Machine Layout Plan of T-Shirt Manufacturing Process:
Here you will find out the machine layout plan for t-shirt for 180 pieces per hour. Types of machines that are mostly used in t-shirt manufacturing, but this line balancing should be changed when the t-shirt style are different.

Sl. No Types of operation Types of machine Machine quantity
01 Join the shoulder Over lock machine 1 pc
02 Over lock the lining Over lock machine 1 pc
03 Join the neck rib piping edge by plain machine Plain machine 1 pc
04 Neck joint Over lock machine 1 pc
05 Over locking the neck Over lock machine 1 pc
06 Neck tape join also attached the size label Plain machine 1 pc
07 Neck rib top stitch and Attached the main label Plain machine 1 pc
08 Sleeve hem Flat lock machine 1 pc
09 Sleeve joint with the body part Over lock machine 2 pc
10 Side seam Over lock machine 3 pc
11 Sleeve tuck Plain machine 1 pc
12 Neck top stitch Flat lock machine 1 pc
13 Bottom hem tuck at the end Plain machine 1 pc
14 Bottom hem Flat lock machine 1 pc

The Life Cycle of a T-Shirt Manufacturing:

  1. Raw Materials – fertilizer, energy, water;
  2. Processing – energy, cleaners, dyes;
  3. Manufacturing – energy, waste;
  4. Packaging – paper, plastics, waste;
  5. Transport – energy;
  6. Use – bleach, detergents, water, energy;
  7. Either one of – disposal (landfill) or reuse (go back to 6), or recycle (go back to 1).

A lifecycle approach helps us to engage in whole systems thinking –both understanding the complex interactions between energy and material throughout the life of a product, and thinking in the long term about the impact these interactions will have on the environment and society.

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